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Cupping Therapy (Hijamah)

'Hijama' in Arabic is derived from 'hajm' which means 'sucking'. Cupping (hijama) is the process of applying cups to various points on the body by removing the air inside the cups to form a vacuum .

History of Cupping

Cupping developed over time from the original use, by various indigenous peoples, of hollow animal horns to drain toxins out of snakebites and skin lesions. Horns evolved into bamboo cups, which were eventually replaced by glass. Therapeutic applications evolved with the refinement of the cup itself, and with the cultures that employed cupping as a health-care technique.

Therapeutic applications evolved with the refinement of the cup itself, and with the cultures that employed cupping as a health-care technique. The Chinese expanded the use of this technique to surgery, to divert blood flow from the surgery site. Cupping eventually developed into a separate therapy under the TCM umbrella, with healers trained specifically in this technique. Other ancient cultures, including the Egyptians and early Greeks, embraced the therapeutic value of cupping. The technique eventually spread throughout Europe and later to the Americas.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
Cupping is widely used by Chinese medicine practitioners to treat colds, lung infections, and problems in the internal organs. Cupping can be used on people for whom the injection of acupuncture needles poses a problem or risk.

Cupping Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) strives to balance and improve the flow of qi, or life energy, which travels throughout the body in channels called meridians.

 Different application in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

  1. Acupuncture,
  2. Cupping,
  3. Herbal,
  4. Artemisia vulgaris (Moxa)
  5. Tai Chi.

Cupping (Hijamah) While fasting

  1. Abdullah ibn Abbas (R) reported that the Messenger (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) was cupped while he was fasting.       [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (5694)].
  1. Anas ibn Maalik (R) was asked: "Did you dislike cupping for the fasting person?" He said, "No, except for the reason of one becoming weak."[Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (1940)].
  2. Abu Sa'eed al-Khudhree (R) said, "The Messenger (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) validated cupping for the fasting person."[Saheeh see Irwaa al-Ghaleel (4/74)].

Cupping (Hijamah) While fasting Or In The State Of Ihram
Abdullah ibn Abbas (R) reported that the Messenger (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) was cupped on his head for a unilateral headache while he was in Ihraam.         [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (5701)].

Cupping (Hijamah) For Women
Jaabir ibn Abdullah (R) reported Umm Salama (may Allah be pleased with her) asked permission from the Messenger (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) to be treated with cupping (hijamah) So the Messenger (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) ordered Abu Teeba (may Allaah be pleased with him) to cup her. Jaabir ibn Abdullah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said," I think he (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said that Abu Teeba (may Allaah be pleased with him) is her brother through breastfeeding or a young boy who didn't reach puberty".
                        [Saheeh Muslim (5708), abu Dawud (4102), Saheeh ibn Maajah (3480)].

After all, the oldest form of "cupping" is to be found in the mouth in that the lips are pressed on to the infected part and the poison, e.g., snake poison, sucked out. It is also thought that the saliva has curative properties; hence, for example, the dog licks his wounds.

Name of Cupping Therapy in Different Language.
English                               Cupping
France                               Ventouse
Germany                           Schroepfen
America                            Vaccum
S Africa                              Pneumatic      
China                                 Horn Therapy
Arabic                                Hijama
Urdu                                  Pachna           
Malayalam                                    Kombuvekkal

 Applying Cupping on Acupuncture Points

Cupping is known to be an effective alternative to needles in stimulating acupoints in acupuncture treatment. One of the major advantages must be that feeling the transmission of blood-borne diseases can be avoided since the skin is not penetrated."

      Therefore, we can use cupping as an alternative to acupuncture. Many researchers have investigated and demonstrated the benefits of cupping. So, if you are needle phobic and you have a health condition which is not responding to Western medicine, you might like to consider trying cupping.

 Different types of cupping:

  1. Dry Cupping:
  2. Massage Cupping:
  3. Needle Cupping:
  4. Hot Cupping:
  5. Flash Cupping:
  6. Wet Cupping:
  7. Herbal Cupping:
  1. Water Cupping:
  1. Dry cupping: This is the process of using a vacuum on different areas of the body in order to gather the blood in that area without incisions.
  1. Massage Cupping or Moving Cupping:Is a great method of massage and will be done by applying oil to the skin and moving the cup, by a weak suction, on the area to be treated.
  1. Needle Cupping: We do acupuncture and cupping in the same place by applying the needle first then the cup is applied over it.
  1. Hot Cupping: Dried Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) leaves, sometimes called by its oriental name Moxa is a great warming herb. We use a needle, warmed by Dried Mugwort, and then the cup is applied over it.
  1. Flash Cupping: The name given when several medium cuppings are preformed several times in quick succession along the area being treated to stimulate it.
  1. Bleeding Cupping or Wet Cupping:It is the most frequently used, oldest and often most effective method. A surgical instrument is use to scrape the skin and the cup is then applied to collect blood.
  1. Herbal Cupping: We put a suitable herbal tincture into the cup then applying suction.

8. Water Cupping: It involves filling a third of the cup with warm water. Whilst holding the cup close to the client with one hand, bring it close to the point to be cupped and insert burning cotton wool into the cup, then swiftly and simultaneously turn the cup onto the skin. When performed properly, no water spillage occurs.

Precautions and Contraindications for Cupping Therapy

  • Sterilization: This is the main key to success.
  • Use suitable cups for the area being treated.
  • Take extra care with children and the elderly.
  • Do not apply strong cupping to the face.
  • Do not treat pregnant women.
  • Do not use cupping on inflamed or cut skin.
  • Take extra care when scraping the skin and do not cut a vein or artery.
  • Do not treat people with a serious heart disease.
  • Do not apply on hairy areas such as hairy backs or the head.

Therapeutic uses of Cupping Therapy

  • Muscle spasms, back pain, as well as arthritic and rheumatic problems. While stimulating the skin and underlying muscles,
  • It promotes the release of toxins that have accumulated in the area and increases circulation of blood and lymph vessels.
  • Stimulates the organ-related reflex zones in the skin to further improve the function of inner organs, including the stomach, liver, kidneys and intestines.
  • Increase immunity in a particular area since the suction causes the release of a histamine-like substance in the skin which stimulates immune system response.
  • Vertigo
  • Gastric Disorders
  • Constipation and Diarrhea
  • Intercostal Neuralgia
  • Intestinal Disorders
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Sciatica
  • High blood Pressure, stroke and arteriosclerosis
  • Therapeutic uses of Cupping Therapy
  • Stiff Shoulders
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Gynecological Disorders
  • Kidney Disorders (including frequent/urgent urination)
  • Liver Disorders, Gallbladder Disorders
  • High Fever
  • Dermatological Disorders

 

 

 

 
 

 
 

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